W1S2 [wıðˈın US wıðˈın, wıθˈın] prep, adv
[: Old English; Origin: withinnan]
a) before a certain period of time has passed
We should have the test results back within 24 hours.
He fell sick and died within a matter of weeks.
Within an hour of our arrival Caroline was starting to complain.
b) during a certain period of time
the enormous success of televised sport within the last twenty years
Within the space of a year, three of the town's factories have closed down.
2.) less than a certain distance from a particular place
The invading troops came within 50 miles of Paris.
Within a five mile radius of Ollerton there are several pubs and restaurants.
We live within easy reach of (=close to) the shops.
Adjust the driver's seat so that all the controls are within reach (=close enough to touch) .
within sight/earshot (of sth)
(=close enough to see or hear)
As she came within sight of the house, she saw two men getting out of a car.
3.) inside a particular building or area
≠ ↑outside
Prisoners who died were buried within the walls of the prison.
public footpaths within the national park
The rooms within were richly furnished.
apply/enquire within
(=used on notices on the outside of buildings)
Baby rabbits for sale. Enquire within.
4.) inside a society, organization, or group of people
≠ ↑outside
There have been a lot of changes within the department since I joined.
an attempt to reform the system from within
5.) if something stays within a particular limit or set of rules, it does not go beyond that limit
We have to operate within a very tight budget.
Private security firms have to work strictly within the law.
You can go anywhere you want within reason (=within reasonable limits) .
6.) literary or formal inside a person's body or mind
≠ ↑outside
Elaine felt a pain deep within her.
I'm feeling more relaxed within myself.

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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